A non-disclosure agreement, or an NDA, is used to protect company secrets. It essentially says that the employee will have access to these secrets as a necessary part of their job, but they cannot legally let this information get to a third party. Doing so could harm the company, which may then take legal action against the employee to seek compensation.
If you're thinking about how to protect your trade secrets, you may be thinking about a rare situation where an employee decides to sell out your secrets for a personal payday. You want to make sure it doesn't happen, even though you think it's uncommon and even unlikely.
For food producers, the recipe for a certain food is often the most valuable thing that they own. Anyone can make a similar food, but no one can make that same exact dish. It's that unique blend that allows the company to thrive.
People often ignore security measures when it comes to digital messages and assets. They know that things like firewalls and anti-virus software packages can help in theory, but they assume they don't really need them. They're hesitant to pay for anything and may only use free services or nothing at all.
You're worried about your employees leaking trade secrets. You think it may happen via email. You understand just how fast information can change hands in 2019.
You know that your main reason for success is the fundamental idea behind your products, a proprietary design that only your company uses. People have to come to you when this is exactly what they want, and that makes it very valuable indeed.
Often, the key to keeping trade secrets is simply to restrict the number of people who have access to them in the first place. Some companies are famous for keeping their recipes and formulas confined to one or two individuals. This way, even if an employee wanted to leak the secrets, they'd have no way to do so. It does not take nearly as much loyalty to avoid an issue.
When you want to protect your trade secrets, you can do it through legal means, such as having your employees sign a nondisclosure agreement (NDA). However, what you really want are loyal employees who won't try to sell out your company to the competition. They'll stay in their current positions instead of moving on and they will keep your trade secrets safe.
Trade secrets are incredibly important. Your whole business may be built on one product or idea. The fact that you alone have the knowledge of how to create that product is what gives your company its strength. It gives you an edge. It sets you apart from other companies that are trying to enter the same space.
Employees are often asked to sign nondisclosure agreements when they're hired. In essence, the owners of the company understand that employees need access to certain sensitive information in order to be effective, but they also know that employees come and go. They don't want them to take valuable information that the company holds with them when they leave.